keyboard

Azhagi's Punjabi transliteration scheme (Key mappings)

Azhagi's Punjabi Transliteration Scheme - Classic Style
Punjabi can be typed (vide transliteration) using Azhagi, following the English to Punjabi transliteration scheme/rules (i.e. English-to-Punjabi letter/character/key mappings) given below.

Font requirement
If the characters in this page are not visible in Punjabi, then it means you do not have even one suitable Unicode Punjabi font in your system. To download and install atleast one FREE Unicode Punjabi font, kindly visit this page or see azhagi.com's unicodeff.html for links to many such pages.

Note
x, X and ` [character under '~' in English keyboards] are used as modifiers and/or splitters

Vowels
= a, ਆ = aa/A, ਇ = i, ਈ = ee/ii/I, ਉ = u, ਊ = oo/uu/U

ਏ = e/ae/E, ਐ = ai, ਓ = o/oa/O, ਔ = au/ou/ow

ਅਂ = aM/amx, ਅਁ = aMM/amxx/aMx (adak bindi), ਅਃ = aH


Tippi and Adak
Tippi and Adak characters are used often in Punjabi. Hence, various alternatives are given to type them to suit the user's convenience.
ਤੂੰ = toonx (nx - tippi), ਦਿੱਲੀ = dinxxlii (nxx - adak)
ਤੂੰ = tooQ (Q - tippi), ਦਿੱਲੀ = diQQlii (QQ - adak)
ਦਿੱਲੀ = diqlii (q - adak), ਤੂੰ = tooqq (qq - tippi)

ਕ੍‌ + vowels
= ka, ਕਾ = kaa/kA, ਕਿ = ki, ਕੀ = kee/kii/kI, ਕੁ = ku, ਕੂ = koo/kuu/kU

ਕੇ = ke/kae/kE, ਕੈ = kai, ਕੋ = ko/koa/kO, ਕੌ = kau/kou/kow

ਕਂ = kaM/kamx, ਕਁ = kaMM/kamxx/kaMx (adak bindi), ਕਃ = kaH


Consonants
= ka, ਖ = Ka/kha, ਗ = ga, ਘ = Ga/gha, ਙ = `ga 

ਚ = ca, ਛ = Ca/cha/Cha, ਜ = ja, ਝ = Ja/jha, ਞ = `ja

ਟ = Ta, ਠ = Tha, ਡ = Da, ਢ = Dha, ਣ = Na

ਤ = ta, ਥ = tha, ਦ = da, ਧ = dha, ਨ = na

ਪ = pa, ਫ = Pa/pha, ਬ = ba, ਭ = Ba/bha, ਮ = ma

ਯ = ya, ਰ = ra, ੜ = Ra, ਲ = la, ਲ਼ = La, ਵ = va/wa

ਸ਼ = sha/Sa/Sha, ਸ = sa, ਹ = ha


  • Important note on "t, T, d, D, th, Th, dh, Dh"
    In Azhagi's Unicode Editor, if you click on 'Tools->Options' and select the 'modern' style ('classic' style is the default), then the mappings for "t, T, d, D, th, Th, dh, Dh" change (To view the key-mappings table for the same, please visit multi.html and click on 'modern style' link given under your chosen language). In Azhagi+, you can effect this same setting by clicking 'Tools->Options->Other Languages'.

  • Important note on 'ch'
    In Azhagi's Unicode Editor, if you click on 'Tools->Options' and tick the 'ch, Ch' checkbox, then 'ch' would also take the same mapping as that of 'c'.

  • Various other important options
    Click here. Herein, you can learn more on the above options too.

  • Consonants with nukta (dot)
    = khxa, ਗ਼ = gxa, ਜ਼ = jxa/za, ਫ਼ = phxa/fa

    OM, Shri and Avagraha
    = Aum/oum, ਸ਼੍ਰਿ = shri, ਽ = Sx

    Conjuncts (Consonant Clusters)
    The consonant conjuncts get formed automatically as you keep typing your words.

    Numerals
    = 1x, ੨ = 2x, ੩ = 3x, ੪ = 4x, ੫ = 5x
    ੬ = 6x, ੭ = 7x, ੮ = 8x, ੯ = 9x, ੦ = 0x

    x, ` and X modifiers
    • x when applied after certain Punjabi letters modifies them. For e.g.
      Sx = ਽ (avagraha), 1x = ੧ (Punjabi numeral 1)
    • Whenever x does not take the role of a modifier, it does not print anything.

    • ` when applied before certain Punjabi consonants modifies them. For e.g.
      `g = ਙ, `j = ਞ
    • ` when applied between certain Punjabi consonants (like k`h, g`h, t`h, d`h, etc.) helps them to form their natural conjuncts. For e.g.
      bakkiMghaam = ਬਕ੍ਕਿਂਘਾਮ whereas bakkiMg`haam = ਬਕ੍ਕਿਂਗ੍ਹਾਮ

    • X (or XX) can be applied between certain Punjabi vowels (say 'ai' or 'ou') to help them get separated into their component vowels. For e.g.
      priyaiMDiyaa = ਪ੍ਰਿਯੈਂਡਿਯਾ whereas priyaXiMDiyaa = ਪ੍ਰਿਯ‍ਇਂਡਿਯਾ

    If you have any doubts or if you wish to give your suggestions/comments on any aspect of Azhagi/Azhagi+, please always join 'Azhagi' online support groups (please see http://azhagi.com/groups.html for details) and post your queries/suggestions/comments therein. However, if you are quite new to Azhagi/Azhagi+ and need some basic help during the initial phases, then please do mail me (at noblehearted at gmail dot com). Kindly note that I can understand only English and Tamil (my mother tongue) and a little bit of written/spoken Hindi and Malayalam (as I graduated from Regional Engineering College, Calicut). All about me, if you are interested, at: http://azhagi.com/story.html. My personal contacts are at: http://azhagi.com/contacts.html.